Facts or Fictions on Diabetes



Literature Review

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness. According to Frazier and Drzymkowski, who wrote Essentials of Human Diseases and Conditions, “diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism caused by inadequate production of insulin by the cells” (p. 177). In other words, diabetes occurs when there is a lack of insulin in the pancreas. A functional pancreas produces insulin which balances glucose levels. Insulin decreases “blood glucose levels by transporting glucose into the cells for use as energy and storage” (Frazier & Drzymkowski, 2009, p. 177). In the video, Facts and fiction on diabetes spoken by reporter Snyderman, she speaks about facts and myths. A few myths she mentioned was you grow out of it, and diabetics cannot eat chocolate or sweets. She covered the same information previously stated earlier  regarding illnesses and diseases.Insulin reduction can lead to hyperglycemia where cells begin to lack fuel and break down fats and proteins, which lead to an accumulation of ketone bodies, which are wastes in the blood. This illness’ signs and symptoms are hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, thirst, increased urination, hunger, and impaired vision.

Here is a video on symptoms you should watch out for:

Here is a video on type 2 diabetes symptoms:

In the article Cigarette Smoking Affects Glycemic Control in Diabetes, it states smoking increases glycemic control imbalances. People with diabetes that cease smoking is able to control blood glucose levels. People with diabetes are able to decrease having any insulin imbalances. There has been a study done on people who smoke cigarettes on a daily basis. Smoking does cause type 2 diabetes in the long run. In the article Does Smoking Cigarettes Cause Type 2 Diabetes? It Could Depend On Your Race, it states that people who cease to smoke will get diabetes because the body is immune to the change. The glucose starts to become imbalanced. By preventing smoking less it will help the insulin stay balanced.

Type 2 diabetes is a worldwide epidemic. It threatens a lot of countries. Many factors of diabetes is smoking, excessive alcohol drinking, high intake of refined carbohydrates, and physical inactivity. Diabetes is common among the poor. They cannot live a healthy lifestyle. Obesity and overweight is causing  massive diabetes epidemic. Asians have a higher chance of obtaining diabetes due to weight gain in adulthood. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented through diet and lifestyle modification.  According to Ulene and Pauley, who reported life on NBC news. The topic they spoke about was, “What is diabetes?”. They mentioned how diabetes occurred and how you can check your blood sugar throughout the day by using an automatic device.

What is Diabetes?

By: Victor


  1. Castillo.S. (2016, June).Does Smoking Cigarettes Cause Type 2 Diabetes? It Could Depend On Your Race.http://www.medicaldaily.com/smoking-cigarettes-type-2-diabetes-racial-disparity-390186
  2. Davies, L., Fulcher, G.,  Gunton, J., McElduff, A., Wilmshurst,E. (2002,April).Cigarette Smoking Affects Glycemic Control in Diabetes.Diabetes Care, 25 (4) 796-797; DOI: 10.2337/diacare.25.4.796-a
  3. Frazier, M., S., & Drzymkowski, J., W. (2009). Essentials of human diseases and conditions. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 177-179.
  4. Hu, F. (2011,Jun). Globalization of Diabetes.Diabetes Care, 34 (6) 1249-1257; DOI: 10.2337/dc11-0442
  5. Snyderman, N. (Reporter), & Vieira, M. (Anchor). (2007, November 29). Facts and Myths About Diabetes. [Television series episode]. NBC Today Show. Retrieved from https://library.neit.edu:2336/portal/site/HigherEd/browse/?cuecard=32367
  6. Ulene, A. (Reporter), & Pauley, J. (Anchor). (1980, December 29). What Is Diabetes? [Television series episode]. NBC Today Show. Retrieved from https://library.neit.edu:2336/portal/site/HigherEd/browse/?cuecard=32241

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